For the conservation of the Heath
Our Tip: Heath-Discovery-Tours
You can explore the Nature Reserve on the designated tracks either on foot, on horseback, by bicycle or in one of the carriages that are waiting for guests at the big car parks. There is a ban on motor vehicles to protect the landscape and the wildlife.
The Verein Naturschutzpark e.V. (VNP) offers holders of the BispingenCard reduced Heath-Discovery-Tours (guided walks) and a reduced admission to the Heath Museum Wilsede
Fascinating information for visitors
There are two Information Houses: the Hans-Pforte-Haus in Niederhaverbeck with an interesting exhibition about bees and the Heide-Erlebniszentrum in Undeloh. Both houses are free of charge and inform about the landscape history and wildlife as well as about peculiarities and problems of the region.
Tumuli, old stables and granaries
The village Wilsede is the only place in the Nature Reserve where you can find lots of historical evidence, e.g. many tumuli from the Bronze Age, historical wagon ruts, boundary stones, boulder walls, old sheep pens, Treppenspeicher (literally: staircase stores) and thatched farmhouses situated among impressive farmyard groves. The village is surrounded by the largest coherent heathland in Central Europe.
The centrepiece: the famous Wilseder Berg
The Nature Reserve Lüneburg Heath is situated in the Central Heath and the Wilseder Berg lies in the middle of it. It is 169.2 m high and therefore the highest elevation of the North German Plain. Heathlands developed by the impact of men; clearing, grazing and fire superseded the forest. On the mainly dry and sandy grounds in the Nature Reserve Lüneburg Heath, different types of heather developed. While common heather (Calluna vulgaris) dominates, it is replaced by bog heather (Erica tetralix) in damp places.
The Verein Naturschutzpark e.V.
By 1910 the VNP – founded in 1909 – had begun to protect heath areas of today’s Nature Reserve in the Lüneburg Heath from settlements, forestation or being changed into farmland. In a rather short time the VNP was able to purchase several large heath areas and some farmsteads. In 1922 an area of approx. 21 km² surrounding the Wilseder Berg was designated as a conservation area. The area of the Nature Reserve was extended to approx. 23,4 km² in 1993. Nowadays the VNP is the landowner of more than one third of the Nature Reserve Lüneburg Heath.